Environment Field Note: The Bosphorus

Istanbul is a fast-growing city. There are over 12 million people living in Istanbul. This population is living in a metropolitan area. There are no mountains, deserts or forests in Istanbul city.

However, there is one major natural feature. It is the Bosphorus. The Bosphorus is a strait. It connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. This strait provides transportation and food for the people living in Istanbul.

What makes this environment special or different?

The Bosphorus allows for a very special environment. I have never lived this close to a huge body of water. It is a big change compared to Huntsville! The closet river to my home is the Tennessee River, which is about 40 minutes (driving distance) away. I am only 30 minutes (walking distance) away from the Bosphorus.

Living near a big body of water means that the weather changes a lot. Winds from the Black Sea and Marmara Sea cause temperatures to drop. My Turkish friend told me to always carry a jacket around! Good thing I listened to her!

What parts of this environment help people to live here?

The Bosphorus helps people to live in this environment. The Bosphorus is home to many fish. It provides food to the people living in Istanbul. It also provides jobs: Some people own restaurants that serve seafood dishes, or drive boats on the strait. Also, the Bosphorus becomes a major tourist attraction, which brings wealth to Istanbul. Finally, the Bosphorus helps people to get around. They can take ferries or other boats from one side to the other.

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